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India introduces inject able polio vaccine
Posted on: 30-11-2015 , 01:22:PM | DY365 Bureau

Nov 30, 2015- As part of India's efforts to boost its polio immunization programme, babies getting their third dose of oral polio vaccine (OPV) will now also be administered an injection with inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). IPV and OPV together can provide additional protection to a child.
India was certified polio-free on 27 March 2014, but the immunization programme continues in the country since two of its neighbors' Pakistan and Afghanistan remain polio-endemic and due to the threat of vaccine-derived polio.
In the first phase, the injection will be introduced in six states: Assam, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab.
"The last polio case was reported in India in 2011. But the risk is still there with the virus being active in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Hence, we are introducing IPV for double protection against polio," said Union minister for health and family welfare J.P. Nadda, at an event to launch the vaccine. Trivalent vaccines protect against three strains of the polio virus while the bivalent variety protects against two. Immunization programmes the world over are switching to the bivalent vaccine since the third strain has been eradicated, and the trivalent vaccine could theoretically re-introduce it.

IPV is not a new vaccine and was first used in 1955. Thirty countries have already introduced IPV in their national immunization schedule, while 126 countries including India will introduce IPV soon. 


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